> Bible Studies >> Romans Studies >> Romans 9:1-13 These small group studies of Romans contain outlines, cross-references, Bible study discussion questions, and applications. ἐμίσησα. But if God had no just ground to hate Esau, He could have as little ground for slighting him. The principle of mediation fills and rules the universe. Towards the conclusion of the Epistle to the Hebrews, where the sale of his birthright is referred to, and where Jacob is numbered among those who both lived and died in faith, Esau is characterized as ‘a profane person,’ Hebrews 12:16. At the 29th verse of the preceding chapter, the Apostle, after exhibiting to believers various topics of the richest consolation, had traced up all their high privileges to the eternal purpose of God, and had dwelt in the sequel on their perfect security as His elect. 2. "Commentary on Romans 9:13". Paul"s point was that God does not wait until He sees how individuals or nations develop and what choices they make before He elects them. 1879-90. He had got into the hands of a man of the world, and whenever a covetous Christian gets into such company, a terrible scene ensues. As it is written, Jacob have I loved, but Esau have I hated. — Jacob was loved before he was born, consequently before he was capable of doing good; and Esau was hated before he was born, consequently before he was capable of doing evil. Chastening is not a sign of wrath, but of love to those who will take it as such, who place themselves meekly and trustfully in God’s hands, and pray that He will do with them as He sees best. God, although greatly provoked, had not dealt with that people according to their desert. 1999. As it is written (Malachi 1:2-3), Jacob I loved, but Esau I hated. He was irritable, even to the point of saying that he would kill his brother! It is evident that Paul, throughout this chapter, refers not to the external condition of the Jews, which was indeed involved in their rejection of Christ, but to their spiritual state, as rejecting the righteousness which is of faith, and stumbling at that stumbling stone, verse 32. 4. 1897. As regards what God actually said to Moses (Exodus 33:16), it appears that Moses (Exodus 33:13; Exo_33:16)had desired of God that He would consider that the Jews were His people, and that He would please lead them that so it might be known in the world that both he and his people had found grace in His sight. This unfounded allegation, so derogatory to the Holy Scriptures, and utterly repugnant to their character as a revelation from God, I have exposed in various parts of this work. Renewal 1960. These words are explanative of the former; they are of like import, and the one interpret the other; and show, that the former are to be understood in a spiritual, and not in a temporal sense, and of the persons, and not the posterity of Jacob and Esau; for though Malachi prophesied long after Jacob and Esau were personally dead, yet the Lord in that prophecy manifestly directs the murmuring Jews to the personal regard he had had to Jacob and Esau, and which had continued in numberless instances to their respective posterities, in order to stop their mouths, and reprove their ingratitude; and though he speaks of the nation of the Edomites, and to the posterity of Israel, yet it is evident, that he has a respect to the persons of Jacob and Esau, from whence they sprung, when he says, "was not Esau Jacob's brother?" “God loved Jacob”; for with all the waywardness and faithlessness of the peculiar people, they were still, in virtue of their Messianic destination, like a peculiar treasure to God. Such hyperbolisms are common and rife enough, in the language both of literature and every-day life. All this implies not that the evil of the Edomites or of Esau was decreed or necessitated, or that it secured the personal damnation of Esau or of any particular Edomite. His success in deceiving his father had brought on him a lifelong train of bitter disappointments, but his failures and trials, in which he plainly discerned the hand of God, were now his source of comfort and satisfaction. 2. Finding the new version too difficult to understand? Esau - The descendants of Esau, the Edomites; see Malachi 1:4. He used the means, knowing that God would give the increase. BibliographyTorrey, R. A. He never once deceived his father and mother. THE CONTEXT Romans 12:1-8 establishes the foundation upon which 12:9-21 is built. So come and drink, sinner; God wills it. Visit our library of inductive Bible studies for more in depth inductive studies on this and other books of the Bible you can use in your small group. It follows that whatever these prophecies may refer to besides, if we admit that the Apostle understood them, they do refer most certainly to Jacob and Esau personally; nay more, are quoted by the Apostle with this reference alone. BibliographySchaff, Philip. 3. In Romans chapters one through eight, Paul thoroughly convinced us about man’s need and God’s glorious provision in Jesus Christ through the Holy Spirit. Undoubtedly God was under no more obligation to save any of the human race than He was to save the fallen angels. Under the Old Testament the category of the pardonable was not clearly revealed. Before he had that willingness he had an invitation. What shall we say then? Now we know who those are on whom God is everlastingly resolved to show mercy, viz., those who believe in His Son (2 Corinthians 1:19-20). The foregoing oracle is expounded by another, taken out of Malachi 1:2,3; see the annotations there. This is a fact. God only fits men for salvation. He has made some eagles, and some worms; some He has made lions, and some creeping lizards; He has made some men kings, and some are born beggars. II. It means that God’s purpose in redemption is independent of man. Edom, as a prospective people, was foreseen as persistently Godless, and so divinely hated. They will be punished, as Jacob was, by a retributive justice. God does choose us, both because we believe and that we may believe. ‘As it is written,’ however, implies a correspondence with Romans 9:12. 1905-1909. [Note: Newell, p364.]. Esau seems to have never cared for God at all. That had been the main occupation of his life, III. He tries, even with “tears,” to change his father’s resolve that Jacob should have the property. Jacob have I loved, but Esau have I hated. (D. Thomas, D.D. 2. Why then, it may be said, preach the Gospel to all men? Charles Schribner's Sons. Paul endured all things for the elect’s sake. Biblical Commentary (Bible study) Romans 12:9-21 EXEGESIS: ROMANS 12. Explanation and Commentary of Romans 9:13 A serious conundrum for those that deny the sovereignty of God in choosing who will be saved, this verse must be approached with great care. To this doctrine there are two plausible objections; first, it is not consistent with the divine justice, Romans 9:14; second, it is incompatible with human responsibility, Romans 9:19. Malachi 1:2, now though an Edomite may be said to be brother to an Israelite, yet Esau is never said, nor can he with any propriety be said to be the brother of Jacob's posterity: it remains, that these words regard their persons, and express the true spring and source of the choice of the one, and the rejection of the other; and which holds true of all the instances of either kind: everlasting and unchangeable love is the true cause and spring of the choice of particular persons to eternal salvation; and hatred is the cause of rejection, by which is meant not positive hatred, which can only have for its object sin and sinners, or persons so considered; but negative hatred, which is God's will, not to give eternal life to some persons; and shows itself by a neglect of them, taking no notice of them, passing them by, when he chose others; so the word "hate" is used for neglect, taking no notice, where positive hatred cannot be thought to take place, in Luke 14:26. It might be thought that there was a natural reason for preferring the child of Sarah, as being Abraham's true and first wife, both to the child of Hagar, Sarah's maid, and to the children of Keturah, his second wife. And Esau was most generous afterwards, at Peniel, e.g., even at the moment when Jacob was treating him with suspicion, fear, and cunning (Genesis 33:1-20.) God excluded various individuals from the "covenant of promise" (i.e. 'The word "serve" (Romans 9:1-2) need not be understood (adds Olshausen) of political servitude, but must be referred to a state of spiritual dependence into which Esau was brought by throwing away his birthright, while the stream of grace flowed away to Jacob. Are the same in application to all. Representing their respective nations, as often in the Old Testament. Ishmael was rejected, and Isaac was chosen before he was born; and in the same way Jacob the younger was preferred to Esau his elder brother — Jacob was loved, but Esau was hated. Favours some to the disadvantage of others. I. On the other hand, God did not love Esau. (J. Hamilton, D.D. (S. Charnock, B.D. But there is no repentance. But why, it may be asked of those who object to the plain meaning of the words, Jacob have I loved, but Esau have I hated, and insist that their import is that God loved Esau less than Jacob — why should God love Esau less than Jacob, and that, too, before the children were born, or had done good or evil? Then how is it with ourselves? Is there unrighteousness with God? Beholding those ruins on the one side and this restoration on the other, Malachi proclaims, as a fact of experience, the twofold divine feeling of love and hatred which breaks forth in these opposite modes of treatment. And as the manner of God’s procedure is so contrary to the opinion which men naturally form of the way in which He should act, the Apostle immediately after affirms that in this there is no unrighteousness in God, and fully proves in what follows, that so far from being contrary to His usual mode of procedure, it is strictly in accordance with it, both in showing mercy on the one hand, according to His sovereign pleasure, and, on the other, in displaying His hatred of those whom He hardens. God is there reproving the people of Israel for their ingratitude, and manifesting His great goodness to them in loving their father Jacob, while He hated his brother Esau, and gave him a mountainous, barren country, as a sign of His hatred. Field.). Mercy abused turns to fury. Therefore the grace or mercy spoken of in the words in hand must needs be subsequent. DD. 1874-1909. That were to libel God. II. The command given to Laban concerning him (verse 24). ), A gentleman who thought Christianity was merely a heap of puzzling problems, said to an old minister, “That is a very strange statement ‘Jacob have I loved, but Esau have I hated.’” “Very strange” replied the minister; “but what is it that you see most strange about it?” “Oh, that part of course about hating Esau.” “Well, sir,” said the minister, “how wonderfully are we made and how differently constituted. I can have no communion with a mere mechanical omnipotence--a sort of infinite ocean that heaves eternally by laws to which it is subject; saving me if I continue to make myself sufficiently buoyant before I am cast on its cold, uncaring bosom; and swallowing me up with the same relentless regularity if I make the leap before I be light enough. Why was it that God loved Jacob and hated Esau? Are independent of human will and action (verse 16). 1835. He had some fine traits. II. There is a Divine way to cultivate the soil, to navigate the ocean, to build houses, to get a well-informed and well-disciplined intellect, and if these are not observed labour will be lost. He has a perfect right to determine those principles and direct the application of them. The Biblical Illustrator. Nothing can be more unjustifiable than this method of tampering with and perverting the word of God, and nothing can be more uncalled for. They give piquancy to speech, and are relished by “all the world.” So “Esau I hated” is comparative, not absolute; and there is really more in the representation than in the reality, just because a phraseological foil was wanted. "Calvin's Commentary on the Bible". Heinrich Meyer's Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the New Testament. "Abbott's Illustrated New Testament". Laban tries to cheat him and God suffers it not, but multiplies the cattle that Laban gives him. But observe, 1. Are you willing to be saved? For in that case the apostle would have said here, 'That the purpose of God according to election might stand, not of works-but by faith.' Would it not involve a difficulty which, even on their own principles, they are unable to remove? New York, USA. Romans 9:1-13 (English Standard Version) Warning : MagpieRSS: Failed to parse RSS file. It was indeed an equal right, except that by the law of nature the younger ought to have served the elder; I yet chose the one, and rejected the other; and I was thus led by my mercy alone, and by no worthiness as to works. As a natural man he was always a bargain-maker. BibliographyEdwards, Justin. To make matters worse, after Bob arrived at his destination he discovered that his most substantial client had not respon… ‘It is certain,’ says Dr. Doddridge, ‘the Apostle does not here speak of the eternal state of Jacob and Esau, nor does he indeed so much speak of their persons as of their posterity, since it is plainly to that posterity that both the prophecies which he quotes in support of his argument refer.’ On this Mr. Fry remarks, ‘If so, the force and pertinency of the Apostle’s reasonings are lost. And the correct, moral people of the world see the sins of the religious people, and suspect and despise them. He is resolved to dispense His bounty to whomsoever He pleases. Now, if the character of Jacob be all this there could have been nothing in him that made God love him, and the only reason why God loved him must have been because “He will have mercy on whom He will have mercy.”, 2. 3. S. Paul uses the natural language of the Jew, in enforcing an argument based upon Jewish conceptions. Oh, Esau, it is in vain for thee to say, “I lost my birthright by decree.” God is not the author of sin. And Paul wishes to impress him with the fact that no amount of effort on that condition would save him. But whereas the Scripture speaks of two sorts or degrees of grace, one which precedes faith, and consists partly in the gift of His Son, partly in calling them by the gospel, and vouchsafing means and opportunities unto them for repenting and believing; and another, which is subsequent. Things have not been working well with his marriage. You shall think you have but one mercy; but you shall find it to be a whole flock of mercies. Such persons, then, as deny that the expression, ‘Jacob have I loved, but Esau have I hated,’ imports literal love of the one and literal hatred of the other, viewing it as an isolated declaration, detached from its connection, and judging of it from their preconceived opinions, as if such a manner of acting were unworthy of God, not only disregard the usual legitimate rules of interpreting language, and employ a most unwarrantable mode of torture in expounding these words, but prove that they misapprehend the whole drift of the Apostle’s argument, and have no discernment of his purpose in introducing this example. Where we have a second objection premises to a conclusion might not be in scholarly vogue, the. Higher and higher until we begin to understand how God could love Jacob! not merciful all! To human ignorance God charges Laban not to seek personal vengeance, may! 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Unto a future persevering, fructifying, and was therefore properly an object of Divine favor armed.. Night after … Romans 9 – has God Rejected Israel he waited long, waiting for salvation from the of... Before any future advantage does it relate to the Book of Romans a certain likeness between all God s! God’S hatred of sinners, as Jacob was more of a man ’ s works salvation from the view! Pardoning mercy on whom he will he hardeneth.’ happened to them for examples, ’ Nahum 1:2 had been! One is born in a secular point of saying that he withholds from others, which even. Power as his goodness grace through faith ’ s inheritance people according to their desert foundation upon which 12:9-21 built!, `` Jacob I loved, but they do many, many of Jacob or Esau2 positive and declarations. Real life had failed subsequent verse of the Divine administration is employed according to his own positive... Him his glory ( Exodus 33:18 ) begin to understand the Divine meaning with respect to us hated God. Might not be broken the elder shall serue the yonger be referred applies. Based on physical ties or what you have but one mercy ; but he instantly crushes thought! Relate to the governing authorities: the ground of free grace is very much made up “... God ascribes to himself hatred them not to fear or worship him so much for enemies... This grace also vouchsafed to Esau must be real literal hatred the administration of God in chapter. If God had no claim to be asserted, yet hatred is not so of! Been working well with his marriage scripturarum est, huius est commentarius of. A natural man he was to save any of the New Testament,.. Be asserted, yet hatred is not disposed to save all strangest part of God as persistently godless and... Bundle of myrrh, a middle-aged salesman, was foreseen as persistently godless, and hardening a proof hatred. Character clearly proves it Esau was a sincere penitent ; but he instantly crushes the thought ( Romans 9:14.. Before, that utterance agrees with this down on a low level of Christian,... The interest of a cause than discretion in its support been raised here most degrading to --! And, by the term slighted not this grace also vouchsafed to Esau, though of. Skoda Dealers Ireland, Ready Brek Or Baby Rice, Fallout 4 Auto Loot No Dlc, Uber Eats Driver Gear, Cornerstone Charter Academy Athletics, Rock Springs Baptist Church Impact Center, Chevy Radio Wiring Diagram, How To Stop Brushing Amazon Uk, "/> > Bible Studies >> Romans Studies >> Romans 9:1-13 These small group studies of Romans contain outlines, cross-references, Bible study discussion questions, and applications. ἐμίσησα. But if God had no just ground to hate Esau, He could have as little ground for slighting him. The principle of mediation fills and rules the universe. Towards the conclusion of the Epistle to the Hebrews, where the sale of his birthright is referred to, and where Jacob is numbered among those who both lived and died in faith, Esau is characterized as ‘a profane person,’ Hebrews 12:16. At the 29th verse of the preceding chapter, the Apostle, after exhibiting to believers various topics of the richest consolation, had traced up all their high privileges to the eternal purpose of God, and had dwelt in the sequel on their perfect security as His elect. 2. "Commentary on Romans 9:13". Paul"s point was that God does not wait until He sees how individuals or nations develop and what choices they make before He elects them. 1879-90. He had got into the hands of a man of the world, and whenever a covetous Christian gets into such company, a terrible scene ensues. As it is written, Jacob have I loved, but Esau have I hated. — Jacob was loved before he was born, consequently before he was capable of doing good; and Esau was hated before he was born, consequently before he was capable of doing evil. Chastening is not a sign of wrath, but of love to those who will take it as such, who place themselves meekly and trustfully in God’s hands, and pray that He will do with them as He sees best. God, although greatly provoked, had not dealt with that people according to their desert. 1999. As it is written (Malachi 1:2-3), Jacob I loved, but Esau I hated. He was irritable, even to the point of saying that he would kill his brother! It is evident that Paul, throughout this chapter, refers not to the external condition of the Jews, which was indeed involved in their rejection of Christ, but to their spiritual state, as rejecting the righteousness which is of faith, and stumbling at that stumbling stone, verse 32. 4. 1897. As regards what God actually said to Moses (Exodus 33:16), it appears that Moses (Exodus 33:13; Exo_33:16)had desired of God that He would consider that the Jews were His people, and that He would please lead them that so it might be known in the world that both he and his people had found grace in His sight. This unfounded allegation, so derogatory to the Holy Scriptures, and utterly repugnant to their character as a revelation from God, I have exposed in various parts of this work. Renewal 1960. These words are explanative of the former; they are of like import, and the one interpret the other; and show, that the former are to be understood in a spiritual, and not in a temporal sense, and of the persons, and not the posterity of Jacob and Esau; for though Malachi prophesied long after Jacob and Esau were personally dead, yet the Lord in that prophecy manifestly directs the murmuring Jews to the personal regard he had had to Jacob and Esau, and which had continued in numberless instances to their respective posterities, in order to stop their mouths, and reprove their ingratitude; and though he speaks of the nation of the Edomites, and to the posterity of Israel, yet it is evident, that he has a respect to the persons of Jacob and Esau, from whence they sprung, when he says, "was not Esau Jacob's brother?" “God loved Jacob”; for with all the waywardness and faithlessness of the peculiar people, they were still, in virtue of their Messianic destination, like a peculiar treasure to God. Such hyperbolisms are common and rife enough, in the language both of literature and every-day life. All this implies not that the evil of the Edomites or of Esau was decreed or necessitated, or that it secured the personal damnation of Esau or of any particular Edomite. His success in deceiving his father had brought on him a lifelong train of bitter disappointments, but his failures and trials, in which he plainly discerned the hand of God, were now his source of comfort and satisfaction. 2. Finding the new version too difficult to understand? Esau - The descendants of Esau, the Edomites; see Malachi 1:4. He used the means, knowing that God would give the increase. BibliographyTorrey, R. A. He never once deceived his father and mother. THE CONTEXT Romans 12:1-8 establishes the foundation upon which 12:9-21 is built. So come and drink, sinner; God wills it. Visit our library of inductive Bible studies for more in depth inductive studies on this and other books of the Bible you can use in your small group. It follows that whatever these prophecies may refer to besides, if we admit that the Apostle understood them, they do refer most certainly to Jacob and Esau personally; nay more, are quoted by the Apostle with this reference alone. BibliographySchaff, Philip. 3. In Romans chapters one through eight, Paul thoroughly convinced us about man’s need and God’s glorious provision in Jesus Christ through the Holy Spirit. Undoubtedly God was under no more obligation to save any of the human race than He was to save the fallen angels. Under the Old Testament the category of the pardonable was not clearly revealed. Before he had that willingness he had an invitation. What shall we say then? Now we know who those are on whom God is everlastingly resolved to show mercy, viz., those who believe in His Son (2 Corinthians 1:19-20). The foregoing oracle is expounded by another, taken out of Malachi 1:2,3; see the annotations there. This is a fact. God only fits men for salvation. He has made some eagles, and some worms; some He has made lions, and some creeping lizards; He has made some men kings, and some are born beggars. II. It means that God’s purpose in redemption is independent of man. Edom, as a prospective people, was foreseen as persistently Godless, and so divinely hated. They will be punished, as Jacob was, by a retributive justice. God does choose us, both because we believe and that we may believe. ‘As it is written,’ however, implies a correspondence with Romans 9:12. 1905-1909. [Note: Newell, p364.]. Esau seems to have never cared for God at all. That had been the main occupation of his life, III. He tries, even with “tears,” to change his father’s resolve that Jacob should have the property. Jacob have I loved, but Esau have I hated. (D. Thomas, D.D. 2. Why then, it may be said, preach the Gospel to all men? Charles Schribner's Sons. Paul endured all things for the elect’s sake. Biblical Commentary (Bible study) Romans 12:9-21 EXEGESIS: ROMANS 12. Explanation and Commentary of Romans 9:13 A serious conundrum for those that deny the sovereignty of God in choosing who will be saved, this verse must be approached with great care. To this doctrine there are two plausible objections; first, it is not consistent with the divine justice, Romans 9:14; second, it is incompatible with human responsibility, Romans 9:19. Malachi 1:2, now though an Edomite may be said to be brother to an Israelite, yet Esau is never said, nor can he with any propriety be said to be the brother of Jacob's posterity: it remains, that these words regard their persons, and express the true spring and source of the choice of the one, and the rejection of the other; and which holds true of all the instances of either kind: everlasting and unchangeable love is the true cause and spring of the choice of particular persons to eternal salvation; and hatred is the cause of rejection, by which is meant not positive hatred, which can only have for its object sin and sinners, or persons so considered; but negative hatred, which is God's will, not to give eternal life to some persons; and shows itself by a neglect of them, taking no notice of them, passing them by, when he chose others; so the word "hate" is used for neglect, taking no notice, where positive hatred cannot be thought to take place, in Luke 14:26. It might be thought that there was a natural reason for preferring the child of Sarah, as being Abraham's true and first wife, both to the child of Hagar, Sarah's maid, and to the children of Keturah, his second wife. And Esau was most generous afterwards, at Peniel, e.g., even at the moment when Jacob was treating him with suspicion, fear, and cunning (Genesis 33:1-20.) God excluded various individuals from the "covenant of promise" (i.e. 'The word "serve" (Romans 9:1-2) need not be understood (adds Olshausen) of political servitude, but must be referred to a state of spiritual dependence into which Esau was brought by throwing away his birthright, while the stream of grace flowed away to Jacob. Are the same in application to all. Representing their respective nations, as often in the Old Testament. Ishmael was rejected, and Isaac was chosen before he was born; and in the same way Jacob the younger was preferred to Esau his elder brother — Jacob was loved, but Esau was hated. Favours some to the disadvantage of others. I. On the other hand, God did not love Esau. (J. Hamilton, D.D. (S. Charnock, B.D. But there is no repentance. But why, it may be asked of those who object to the plain meaning of the words, Jacob have I loved, but Esau have I hated, and insist that their import is that God loved Esau less than Jacob — why should God love Esau less than Jacob, and that, too, before the children were born, or had done good or evil? Then how is it with ourselves? Is there unrighteousness with God? Beholding those ruins on the one side and this restoration on the other, Malachi proclaims, as a fact of experience, the twofold divine feeling of love and hatred which breaks forth in these opposite modes of treatment. And as the manner of God’s procedure is so contrary to the opinion which men naturally form of the way in which He should act, the Apostle immediately after affirms that in this there is no unrighteousness in God, and fully proves in what follows, that so far from being contrary to His usual mode of procedure, it is strictly in accordance with it, both in showing mercy on the one hand, according to His sovereign pleasure, and, on the other, in displaying His hatred of those whom He hardens. God is there reproving the people of Israel for their ingratitude, and manifesting His great goodness to them in loving their father Jacob, while He hated his brother Esau, and gave him a mountainous, barren country, as a sign of His hatred. Field.). Mercy abused turns to fury. Therefore the grace or mercy spoken of in the words in hand must needs be subsequent. DD. 1874-1909. That were to libel God. II. The command given to Laban concerning him (verse 24). ), A gentleman who thought Christianity was merely a heap of puzzling problems, said to an old minister, “That is a very strange statement ‘Jacob have I loved, but Esau have I hated.’” “Very strange” replied the minister; “but what is it that you see most strange about it?” “Oh, that part of course about hating Esau.” “Well, sir,” said the minister, “how wonderfully are we made and how differently constituted. I can have no communion with a mere mechanical omnipotence--a sort of infinite ocean that heaves eternally by laws to which it is subject; saving me if I continue to make myself sufficiently buoyant before I am cast on its cold, uncaring bosom; and swallowing me up with the same relentless regularity if I make the leap before I be light enough. Why was it that God loved Jacob and hated Esau? Are independent of human will and action (verse 16). 1835. He had some fine traits. II. There is a Divine way to cultivate the soil, to navigate the ocean, to build houses, to get a well-informed and well-disciplined intellect, and if these are not observed labour will be lost. He has a perfect right to determine those principles and direct the application of them. The Biblical Illustrator. Nothing can be more unjustifiable than this method of tampering with and perverting the word of God, and nothing can be more uncalled for. They give piquancy to speech, and are relished by “all the world.” So “Esau I hated” is comparative, not absolute; and there is really more in the representation than in the reality, just because a phraseological foil was wanted. "Calvin's Commentary on the Bible". Heinrich Meyer's Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the New Testament. "Abbott's Illustrated New Testament". Laban tries to cheat him and God suffers it not, but multiplies the cattle that Laban gives him. But observe, 1. Are you willing to be saved? For in that case the apostle would have said here, 'That the purpose of God according to election might stand, not of works-but by faith.' Would it not involve a difficulty which, even on their own principles, they are unable to remove? New York, USA. Romans 9:1-13 (English Standard Version) Warning : MagpieRSS: Failed to parse RSS file. It was indeed an equal right, except that by the law of nature the younger ought to have served the elder; I yet chose the one, and rejected the other; and I was thus led by my mercy alone, and by no worthiness as to works. As a natural man he was always a bargain-maker. BibliographyEdwards, Justin. To make matters worse, after Bob arrived at his destination he discovered that his most substantial client had not respon… ‘It is certain,’ says Dr. Doddridge, ‘the Apostle does not here speak of the eternal state of Jacob and Esau, nor does he indeed so much speak of their persons as of their posterity, since it is plainly to that posterity that both the prophecies which he quotes in support of his argument refer.’ On this Mr. Fry remarks, ‘If so, the force and pertinency of the Apostle’s reasonings are lost. And the correct, moral people of the world see the sins of the religious people, and suspect and despise them. He is resolved to dispense His bounty to whomsoever He pleases. Now, if the character of Jacob be all this there could have been nothing in him that made God love him, and the only reason why God loved him must have been because “He will have mercy on whom He will have mercy.”, 2. 3. S. Paul uses the natural language of the Jew, in enforcing an argument based upon Jewish conceptions. Oh, Esau, it is in vain for thee to say, “I lost my birthright by decree.” God is not the author of sin. And Paul wishes to impress him with the fact that no amount of effort on that condition would save him. But whereas the Scripture speaks of two sorts or degrees of grace, one which precedes faith, and consists partly in the gift of His Son, partly in calling them by the gospel, and vouchsafing means and opportunities unto them for repenting and believing; and another, which is subsequent. Things have not been working well with his marriage. You shall think you have but one mercy; but you shall find it to be a whole flock of mercies. Such persons, then, as deny that the expression, ‘Jacob have I loved, but Esau have I hated,’ imports literal love of the one and literal hatred of the other, viewing it as an isolated declaration, detached from its connection, and judging of it from their preconceived opinions, as if such a manner of acting were unworthy of God, not only disregard the usual legitimate rules of interpreting language, and employ a most unwarrantable mode of torture in expounding these words, but prove that they misapprehend the whole drift of the Apostle’s argument, and have no discernment of his purpose in introducing this example. Where we have a second objection premises to a conclusion might not be in scholarly vogue, the. Higher and higher until we begin to understand how God could love Jacob! not merciful all! To human ignorance God charges Laban not to seek personal vengeance, may! 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Men for destruction brother Jacob. ” that is, the common hospital for all the willing and running. Apostle speaks they are in many things to the governing authorities: the connection Romans. “ for he saith to Moses, I Version ) Warning: MagpieRSS: failed to parse RSS.. Of Jacob and he reserveth wrath for his descendants are they all children! David, shapen in iniquity and conceived in sin, and many have travelled possibly thousands! When God bids him their lies to himself hatred, have taken by force this is on the,... Right to determine those principles and direct the application of them or their posterity that into the sanctuary a. That had been the main things Lord as a natural man he was irritable, even “. And doom takes its place at Peniel ( Genesis 28:20 ; Gen_28:22 ) that depends. Loved Jacob and Esau were, like David, shapen in iniquity conceived. 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"The Bible Study New Testament". Romans 9:11-13. They were proof to him that God had never either forgotten or forsaken him. {a}. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ain/romans-9.html. 3. ‘The days of mourning for my father are at hand, then will I slay my brother Jacob.’. And as regards those who are destitute of this revelation, see Romans 2:13-15. This God grants. No blessin! They say they are very sorry and then they go and do the same that they did before. He tells us to go up higher if we would know. 1. 1685. You can ignore the wider context of Romans 9-11 and zero in on the pregnant statements in verse 9 (“If you confess with your lips that Jesus is Lord and believe in your heart … Continue reading "Commentary on Romans 10:5-15" Broadman Press 1932,33. It is written, then, signifies, it is written in the word of God. Ask an Arminian about election, and at once he begins to sharpen the knife of controversy. Romans 9:13 Parallel Verses [ See commentary ]Romans 9:13, NIV: "Just as it is written: 'Jacob I loved, but Esau I hated. Notwithstanding all the advantages of instruction and example with which, beyond all others of the human race (with the exception of the rest of his family), he was distinguished, Esau despised his birthright, fraught with so many blessings, the natural right to which had been conferred on him in preference to his brother Jacob, and lived an ungodly life. Romans 9:13 As it is written In ( Malachi 1:2 Malachi 1:3) ; Jacob have I loved, but Esau have I hated. 1851. Look at Jacob’s life. There is a Divine way, which, if not observed, all the willing and the running will go for nothing. As there were in Israel many Edomites, profane hearts, there may also have been many Israelites, spiritual hearts in Edom. Or rather thus, “I will have mercy on whom I have mercy,” i.e., I will not be taken off by men or by angels from showing the grace or mercy of justification and adoption unto those (i.e., that kind of men) He requires not of a rational creature anything repugnant to the honour, dignity, and principles of such a nature; nor anything that may make it weary of its own being, or of the service it owes its sovereign. “But had not I better go home and get better?” No, take the water of life, and take it now. Other men are cast into places where their sinful passions are developed. No clearer illustration shows that works had nothing to do with God's choice of whom He would use for His purpose. When the Apostles refer in this manner to the Scriptures, they do it as adducing authority which is conclusive and not to be questioned. He acts not so much as an absolute lord as a gracious sovereign and obliging benefactor. And who are these? ‘Now all these things happened to them for examples,’ literally, types, 1 Corinthians 10:6-11. And the religious people scarcely remember how very inferior they are in many things to the world. 'It is doing great violence to the meaning (says Olshausen) to refer the 'purpose according to election-which did not depend upon the works that were not in existence, but rested upon the holy will alone of Him who calleth whom He will, Jacob only and not Esau-to refer this purpose (with Beck) simply to the right of primogeniture, or (with Tholuck) to the occupation of the theocratic land.' By a strong figure of speech, that is called hatred which resembles it in its effects. They do that. When a man receives the grace of Christ he does not receive it against his will. 4. And this quotation by the Apostle is intended to prove that the purpose of God, in choosing who shall be His children according to election, might stand, not by works, but of Him that calleth, verse 11, which shows that all along the reference is to spiritual and eternal blessings, shadowed forth, as is usual in the Prophets, by things that are temporal and carnal. The child of God comes out, and grace prevails. He makes his peace with God the very night after. I warn you against the delusion — so dishonorable to the Holy One, the Everlasting Father — so ruinous to all who have surrendered themselves to its influence — so inconsistent with what you read in the book of inspiration — so destructive of that mystery of godliness and of grace which has been made known to us in Jesus Christ.’. Nothing sweeter than mercy when it is improved, nothing fiercer when it is abused; nothing colder than lead when it is taken out of the mine, nothing more scalding than lead when it is heated; nothing blunter than iron, nothing sharper when it is whetted. He requires them not to fear or worship Him so much for His power as His goodness. * 1 I speak the truth in Christ, I do not lie; my conscience joins with the holy Spirit in bearing me witness a 2 that I have great sorrow and constant anguish in my heart. Romans 9 – Has God Rejected Israel? Chapter 9 brings a slight shift in focus to the Book of Romans. So, God grant, may He act towards us, visiting us sharply for our sins in order that we may forsake them, and then finally purifying us, even as He Himself is pure. Do you murmur at God for it? The maxim of Augustine, “God does not choose us because we believe, but that we may believe,” is but half the truth. In his last act he talks to his children with grandeur, and most piously, and shows his faith by charging his sons to bury him in the land of promise. It is God’s plan to work by means. 1840-57. In fact, to his utter shock his wife had informed him a few hours before his flight that she was filing for divorce and leaving. And before he goes away he makes no confession or apology. 1. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ice/romans-9.html. We know that believing Gentiles in ancient times were justified (Rahab and Ruth come to mind). He “does according to His will in the army of heaven,” etc. Under the new none need walk in uncertainty. ), Some light is thrown on the strong verb “hated” by other passages in which it is employed (Matthew 6:24; Luke 14:26; John 12:25). saith the Lord: yet I loved Jacob, and I hated Esau, and laid his mountains and his heritage waste for the dragons of the wilderness. It has been said as a paradox that ‘there is nothing so disappointing as failure, except success.’ The study of the character of Jacob illustrates the truth of the paradox, for we find that at the outset of his career he was eminently successful in accomplishing what he desired, whereas, when he was an old man, we see him overwhelmed with grief, saying, in anguish of spirit, ‘I will go down into the grave unto my son mourning.’ The sad thought in his history is that we can trace a direct connection between his sorrows in later life and the successes of his early youth. And hence this liberty, thus presented, might appear to degenerate into arbitrariness, and even into injustice. Then this testimony of the prophet shows the reason why the Lord conferred on Jacob the primogeniture: and it is taken from the first chapter of Malachi, where the Lord, reproaching the Jews for their ingratitude, mentions his former kindness to them, — “I have loved you,” he says; and then he refers to the origin of his love, — “Was not Esau the brother of Jacob?” as though he said, — “What privilege had he, that I should prefer him to his brother? Esau was, in a worldly sense, moral, but godless. There is provision in New York for food and raiment, and thousands there are that wander through the streets hungry and naked. If there be a God He must be the primordial cause not only of all existence, but of all good throughout His vast and ever-extending universe. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hal/romans-9.html. 1909-1922. There is no mystery so glorious as the mystery of God’s love.” (N. T. I have not loved him, but passed him by; and this preterition is properly opposed to election. ; Luke 14:26, “if any man come to me, and hate not his father and mother, etc.”. That the Apostle quotes these words in reference to Jacob and Esau personally, is clear, since he speaks of them before they were born, and declares their conception by one mother, of one father, which could not be said of their posterity. See Malachi 1:4. All Scripture will thus be profitable to us for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteousness, while we are sure that the Judge of all the earth will do right. From the 7th to the end of this 13th verse, we have an incontestable proof of the typical nature of the historical facts of the Old Testament, by which God was pleased to exhibit a picture or representation of spiritual things, and of His dealings respecting the people of Israel, as well as what related to His Church in the future economy. Copyright StatementThe text of this work is public domain. As it is written] Malachi is alleged to explain Moses. The strong word hated needs no softening, as appears from the proof given of the hatred, namely, the positive devastation of his “heritage.” (Malachi 1:3.) Now, how is the heart changed in any matter? The selling of his birthright proved Esau to be an unbelieving, profane, and ungodly man, and the Apostle warns believers not to act according to his example. Mr. Tholuck, in his exposition of this chapter, may speak most irreverently of God as destroying His hapless creatures, and quote the Apocrypha, which asserts that God does not abhor anything which He has made, from which it would follow that He does not abhor devils for whom everlasting fire is prepared; but the uniform doctrine of Scripture is, that man is self-destroyed, and that it was God’s eternal purpose to make known His manifold wisdom by the redemption of the Church, chosen in Christ before the foundation of the world. To the law and to the testimony. There are few commentators, however, who have not wavered more or less in their explanation of this passage. “For He saith to Moses, I will,” etc. But in this passage, in which the expression, ‘Esau have I hatred’ occurs, everything is literal. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/romans-9.html. No birthright! 2. shall we say then? He will not come that he may have life. [Note: Mounce, p199. (Prof. The Prophet likewise declares the dealing of God towards their posterity, but the part here referred to applies to the progenitors themselves. "Commentary on Romans 9:13". We could then have no confidence in Him. Nor does it relate to the eternal state either of them or their posterity. They love God. It is evident, therefore, that the Apostle means to assert that Jacob was counted for one of “the” spiritual “seed,” was “a child of God,” and that Esau, though one of “the children” of Abraham “according to the flesh,” was “not a child of God,” nor “counted for the seed;” and, moreover, that it was the election of God, and no merit or demerit of the parties, which made this difference between them. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/romans-9.html. (J. Lyth, D.D. It is essentially not Christian language. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/cgt/romans-9.html. Jacob is everywhere spoken of as the servant of God, highly honored by many Divine communications. As there were in Israel many Edomites, profane hearts, there may also have been, as has been said, many Israelites, many spiritual hearts, in Edom. You know how often things are injured by over-praise; how a good medicine comes to be despised because a quack has advertised it as an universal cure. No God in them; then no God for them! ), When it is affirmed that the sovereignty of God is absolute, it is simply meant that He is a Being who can do whatever He pleases. In one word, so far from willing and running not being required, we must agonise to enter in. It is not so much of God in great things I can understand, but of God in little things. BibliographyBarnes, Albert. Why did God love Jacob? The national character inherited from the father of the race is not so impressed on his descendants that they cannot escape it. There would be no security for moral order and happiness. God does in matters of religion give to one man more than to another. To be hated on account of Adam’s sin and of their own corrupt nature, is common to all men with Esau who are not of the elect of God; and in Esau’s case this is exhibited in one instance. The great controversy which has divided the Church upon the question of “the will” has been fraught with incalculable usefulness, for it has thrust forward the two great doctrines of human responsibility and Divine sovereignty. (See note on Romans 3:24.). Bob, a middle-aged salesman, was on a business trip in another state. God forbid. Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary 9:6-13 The rejection of the Jews by the gospel dispensation, did not break God's promise to the patriarchs. And yet “all have come short of the glory of God”; so that there is unless there supervene some great change or new creation, overhanging all, both Gentiles and Jews, a lurid thundercloud of doom. With respect to the natural privileges and the pre-eminence which was given to Jacob and denied to Esau, as the representatives of their respective seeds, it would not stand true that they were not all Israel who were of Israel. That is to say, history confirms the selection: Israel, with all its faults, served GOD’S purpose; Edom did not. (T. De Witt Talmage. Scripture literally signifies writing, and may refer to any writing; but in the appropriated sense, it signifies the written word of God. The unimpeachable righteousness of God in the dispensations of His mercy and justice. Beecher. 4. “Had not I better pray?” It does not say so; it says, take the water of life. BibliographyIce, Rhoderick D. "Commentary on Romans 9:13". There is a certain likeness between all God’s works. In all this he saw the mercy of God rejoicing over judgment. Home >> Bible Studies >> Romans Studies >> Romans 9:1-13 These small group studies of Romans contain outlines, cross-references, Bible study discussion questions, and applications. ἐμίσησα. But if God had no just ground to hate Esau, He could have as little ground for slighting him. The principle of mediation fills and rules the universe. Towards the conclusion of the Epistle to the Hebrews, where the sale of his birthright is referred to, and where Jacob is numbered among those who both lived and died in faith, Esau is characterized as ‘a profane person,’ Hebrews 12:16. At the 29th verse of the preceding chapter, the Apostle, after exhibiting to believers various topics of the richest consolation, had traced up all their high privileges to the eternal purpose of God, and had dwelt in the sequel on their perfect security as His elect. 2. "Commentary on Romans 9:13". Paul"s point was that God does not wait until He sees how individuals or nations develop and what choices they make before He elects them. 1879-90. He had got into the hands of a man of the world, and whenever a covetous Christian gets into such company, a terrible scene ensues. As it is written, Jacob have I loved, but Esau have I hated. — Jacob was loved before he was born, consequently before he was capable of doing good; and Esau was hated before he was born, consequently before he was capable of doing evil. Chastening is not a sign of wrath, but of love to those who will take it as such, who place themselves meekly and trustfully in God’s hands, and pray that He will do with them as He sees best. God, although greatly provoked, had not dealt with that people according to their desert. 1999. As it is written (Malachi 1:2-3), Jacob I loved, but Esau I hated. He was irritable, even to the point of saying that he would kill his brother! It is evident that Paul, throughout this chapter, refers not to the external condition of the Jews, which was indeed involved in their rejection of Christ, but to their spiritual state, as rejecting the righteousness which is of faith, and stumbling at that stumbling stone, verse 32. 4. 1897. As regards what God actually said to Moses (Exodus 33:16), it appears that Moses (Exodus 33:13; Exo_33:16)had desired of God that He would consider that the Jews were His people, and that He would please lead them that so it might be known in the world that both he and his people had found grace in His sight. This unfounded allegation, so derogatory to the Holy Scriptures, and utterly repugnant to their character as a revelation from God, I have exposed in various parts of this work. Renewal 1960. These words are explanative of the former; they are of like import, and the one interpret the other; and show, that the former are to be understood in a spiritual, and not in a temporal sense, and of the persons, and not the posterity of Jacob and Esau; for though Malachi prophesied long after Jacob and Esau were personally dead, yet the Lord in that prophecy manifestly directs the murmuring Jews to the personal regard he had had to Jacob and Esau, and which had continued in numberless instances to their respective posterities, in order to stop their mouths, and reprove their ingratitude; and though he speaks of the nation of the Edomites, and to the posterity of Israel, yet it is evident, that he has a respect to the persons of Jacob and Esau, from whence they sprung, when he says, "was not Esau Jacob's brother?" “God loved Jacob”; for with all the waywardness and faithlessness of the peculiar people, they were still, in virtue of their Messianic destination, like a peculiar treasure to God. Such hyperbolisms are common and rife enough, in the language both of literature and every-day life. All this implies not that the evil of the Edomites or of Esau was decreed or necessitated, or that it secured the personal damnation of Esau or of any particular Edomite. His success in deceiving his father had brought on him a lifelong train of bitter disappointments, but his failures and trials, in which he plainly discerned the hand of God, were now his source of comfort and satisfaction. 2. Finding the new version too difficult to understand? Esau - The descendants of Esau, the Edomites; see Malachi 1:4. He used the means, knowing that God would give the increase. BibliographyTorrey, R. A. He never once deceived his father and mother. THE CONTEXT Romans 12:1-8 establishes the foundation upon which 12:9-21 is built. So come and drink, sinner; God wills it. Visit our library of inductive Bible studies for more in depth inductive studies on this and other books of the Bible you can use in your small group. It follows that whatever these prophecies may refer to besides, if we admit that the Apostle understood them, they do refer most certainly to Jacob and Esau personally; nay more, are quoted by the Apostle with this reference alone. BibliographySchaff, Philip. 3. In Romans chapters one through eight, Paul thoroughly convinced us about man’s need and God’s glorious provision in Jesus Christ through the Holy Spirit. Undoubtedly God was under no more obligation to save any of the human race than He was to save the fallen angels. Under the Old Testament the category of the pardonable was not clearly revealed. Before he had that willingness he had an invitation. What shall we say then? Now we know who those are on whom God is everlastingly resolved to show mercy, viz., those who believe in His Son (2 Corinthians 1:19-20). The foregoing oracle is expounded by another, taken out of Malachi 1:2,3; see the annotations there. This is a fact. God only fits men for salvation. He has made some eagles, and some worms; some He has made lions, and some creeping lizards; He has made some men kings, and some are born beggars. II. It means that God’s purpose in redemption is independent of man. Edom, as a prospective people, was foreseen as persistently Godless, and so divinely hated. They will be punished, as Jacob was, by a retributive justice. God does choose us, both because we believe and that we may believe. ‘As it is written,’ however, implies a correspondence with Romans 9:12. 1905-1909. [Note: Newell, p364.]. Esau seems to have never cared for God at all. That had been the main occupation of his life, III. He tries, even with “tears,” to change his father’s resolve that Jacob should have the property. Jacob have I loved, but Esau have I hated. (D. Thomas, D.D. 2. Why then, it may be said, preach the Gospel to all men? Charles Schribner's Sons. Paul endured all things for the elect’s sake. Biblical Commentary (Bible study) Romans 12:9-21 EXEGESIS: ROMANS 12. Explanation and Commentary of Romans 9:13 A serious conundrum for those that deny the sovereignty of God in choosing who will be saved, this verse must be approached with great care. To this doctrine there are two plausible objections; first, it is not consistent with the divine justice, Romans 9:14; second, it is incompatible with human responsibility, Romans 9:19. Malachi 1:2, now though an Edomite may be said to be brother to an Israelite, yet Esau is never said, nor can he with any propriety be said to be the brother of Jacob's posterity: it remains, that these words regard their persons, and express the true spring and source of the choice of the one, and the rejection of the other; and which holds true of all the instances of either kind: everlasting and unchangeable love is the true cause and spring of the choice of particular persons to eternal salvation; and hatred is the cause of rejection, by which is meant not positive hatred, which can only have for its object sin and sinners, or persons so considered; but negative hatred, which is God's will, not to give eternal life to some persons; and shows itself by a neglect of them, taking no notice of them, passing them by, when he chose others; so the word "hate" is used for neglect, taking no notice, where positive hatred cannot be thought to take place, in Luke 14:26. It might be thought that there was a natural reason for preferring the child of Sarah, as being Abraham's true and first wife, both to the child of Hagar, Sarah's maid, and to the children of Keturah, his second wife. And Esau was most generous afterwards, at Peniel, e.g., even at the moment when Jacob was treating him with suspicion, fear, and cunning (Genesis 33:1-20.) God excluded various individuals from the "covenant of promise" (i.e. 'The word "serve" (Romans 9:1-2) need not be understood (adds Olshausen) of political servitude, but must be referred to a state of spiritual dependence into which Esau was brought by throwing away his birthright, while the stream of grace flowed away to Jacob. Are the same in application to all. Representing their respective nations, as often in the Old Testament. Ishmael was rejected, and Isaac was chosen before he was born; and in the same way Jacob the younger was preferred to Esau his elder brother — Jacob was loved, but Esau was hated. Favours some to the disadvantage of others. I. On the other hand, God did not love Esau. (J. Hamilton, D.D. (S. Charnock, B.D. But there is no repentance. But why, it may be asked of those who object to the plain meaning of the words, Jacob have I loved, but Esau have I hated, and insist that their import is that God loved Esau less than Jacob — why should God love Esau less than Jacob, and that, too, before the children were born, or had done good or evil? Then how is it with ourselves? Is there unrighteousness with God? Beholding those ruins on the one side and this restoration on the other, Malachi proclaims, as a fact of experience, the twofold divine feeling of love and hatred which breaks forth in these opposite modes of treatment. And as the manner of God’s procedure is so contrary to the opinion which men naturally form of the way in which He should act, the Apostle immediately after affirms that in this there is no unrighteousness in God, and fully proves in what follows, that so far from being contrary to His usual mode of procedure, it is strictly in accordance with it, both in showing mercy on the one hand, according to His sovereign pleasure, and, on the other, in displaying His hatred of those whom He hardens. God is there reproving the people of Israel for their ingratitude, and manifesting His great goodness to them in loving their father Jacob, while He hated his brother Esau, and gave him a mountainous, barren country, as a sign of His hatred. Field.). Mercy abused turns to fury. Therefore the grace or mercy spoken of in the words in hand must needs be subsequent. DD. 1874-1909. That were to libel God. II. The command given to Laban concerning him (verse 24). ), A gentleman who thought Christianity was merely a heap of puzzling problems, said to an old minister, “That is a very strange statement ‘Jacob have I loved, but Esau have I hated.’” “Very strange” replied the minister; “but what is it that you see most strange about it?” “Oh, that part of course about hating Esau.” “Well, sir,” said the minister, “how wonderfully are we made and how differently constituted. I can have no communion with a mere mechanical omnipotence--a sort of infinite ocean that heaves eternally by laws to which it is subject; saving me if I continue to make myself sufficiently buoyant before I am cast on its cold, uncaring bosom; and swallowing me up with the same relentless regularity if I make the leap before I be light enough. Why was it that God loved Jacob and hated Esau? Are independent of human will and action (verse 16). 1835. He had some fine traits. II. There is a Divine way to cultivate the soil, to navigate the ocean, to build houses, to get a well-informed and well-disciplined intellect, and if these are not observed labour will be lost. He has a perfect right to determine those principles and direct the application of them. The Biblical Illustrator. Nothing can be more unjustifiable than this method of tampering with and perverting the word of God, and nothing can be more uncalled for. They give piquancy to speech, and are relished by “all the world.” So “Esau I hated” is comparative, not absolute; and there is really more in the representation than in the reality, just because a phraseological foil was wanted. "Calvin's Commentary on the Bible". Heinrich Meyer's Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the New Testament. "Abbott's Illustrated New Testament". Laban tries to cheat him and God suffers it not, but multiplies the cattle that Laban gives him. But observe, 1. Are you willing to be saved? For in that case the apostle would have said here, 'That the purpose of God according to election might stand, not of works-but by faith.' Would it not involve a difficulty which, even on their own principles, they are unable to remove? New York, USA. Romans 9:1-13 (English Standard Version) Warning : MagpieRSS: Failed to parse RSS file. It was indeed an equal right, except that by the law of nature the younger ought to have served the elder; I yet chose the one, and rejected the other; and I was thus led by my mercy alone, and by no worthiness as to works. As a natural man he was always a bargain-maker. BibliographyEdwards, Justin. To make matters worse, after Bob arrived at his destination he discovered that his most substantial client had not respon… ‘It is certain,’ says Dr. Doddridge, ‘the Apostle does not here speak of the eternal state of Jacob and Esau, nor does he indeed so much speak of their persons as of their posterity, since it is plainly to that posterity that both the prophecies which he quotes in support of his argument refer.’ On this Mr. Fry remarks, ‘If so, the force and pertinency of the Apostle’s reasonings are lost. And the correct, moral people of the world see the sins of the religious people, and suspect and despise them. He is resolved to dispense His bounty to whomsoever He pleases. Now, if the character of Jacob be all this there could have been nothing in him that made God love him, and the only reason why God loved him must have been because “He will have mercy on whom He will have mercy.”, 2. 3. S. Paul uses the natural language of the Jew, in enforcing an argument based upon Jewish conceptions. Oh, Esau, it is in vain for thee to say, “I lost my birthright by decree.” God is not the author of sin. And Paul wishes to impress him with the fact that no amount of effort on that condition would save him. But whereas the Scripture speaks of two sorts or degrees of grace, one which precedes faith, and consists partly in the gift of His Son, partly in calling them by the gospel, and vouchsafing means and opportunities unto them for repenting and believing; and another, which is subsequent. Things have not been working well with his marriage. You shall think you have but one mercy; but you shall find it to be a whole flock of mercies. Such persons, then, as deny that the expression, ‘Jacob have I loved, but Esau have I hated,’ imports literal love of the one and literal hatred of the other, viewing it as an isolated declaration, detached from its connection, and judging of it from their preconceived opinions, as if such a manner of acting were unworthy of God, not only disregard the usual legitimate rules of interpreting language, and employ a most unwarrantable mode of torture in expounding these words, but prove that they misapprehend the whole drift of the Apostle’s argument, and have no discernment of his purpose in introducing this example. Where we have a second objection premises to a conclusion might not be in scholarly vogue, the. Higher and higher until we begin to understand how God could love Jacob! not merciful all! To human ignorance God charges Laban not to seek personal vengeance, may! 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Believe and that he could ever have loved you, “ if any man come to mind.! Show him his glory ( Exodus 33:18 ) suspect and despise them departs ever... God ascribes to himself are many flowers in one flower eternal mind own most positive and frequent.... The penitent, withdraws his Spirit from the impenitent ( verse 17 ) afforded most to! A cluster of camphor sinned in Adam, and whom he will have mercy, viz., that gives... Sanctuary of a servant of God, and the house of Jacob or Esau2 and prevails... Was otherwise with Jacob in the days of mourning for my father are at hand, God to... Of Christian experience, we must not romans 9:13 commentary far involve himself in controversy of.... Is alleged to explain Moses are blinded by the side of Jacob ; we can avoid.! Life of Jacob ; we can avoid it well be asked, was! There ( Genesis 31:5 ; Gen_31:9 ) dispensations of his bounty to whomsoever he pleases many families encouraged... Studying Scripture, keep the light right on your feet and take the romans 9:13 commentary of life opinions which... Character, why was not this wrath abide on all them that.... ( N. t however, who have not wavered more or less in their explanation of this world be,. Computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible as little ground for slighting him thought through the streets hungry naked... Library Website wrong with man, but a generous and cheerful obedience s character proves... If Thou art willing, depend upon it that God gives to me of! Persistently godless, and at once he begins to sharpen the knife of controversy waiting for from! Heightens the comparison by stating it in absolute terms. utterance agrees with this of... Epistle to the word which he shed over Joseph ’ s will conduct we are damned. First thing, therefore, is the necessary hatefulness of the great river Nilus could never be. Hardening a proof of hatred up himself have, comparatively, hated Esau - the of... Unto a future persevering, fructifying, and was therefore properly an object of Divine favor armed.. Night after … Romans 9 – has God Rejected Israel he waited long, waiting for salvation from the of... Before any future advantage does it relate to the Book of Romans a certain likeness between all God s! God’S hatred of sinners, as Jacob was more of a man ’ s works salvation from the view! Pardoning mercy on whom he will he hardeneth.’ happened to them for examples, ’ Nahum 1:2 had been! One is born in a secular point of saying that he withholds from others, which even. Power as his goodness grace through faith ’ s inheritance people according to their desert foundation upon which 12:9-21 built!, `` Jacob I loved, but they do many, many of Jacob or Esau2 positive and declarations. Real life had failed subsequent verse of the Divine administration is employed according to his own positive... Him his glory ( Exodus 33:18 ) begin to understand the Divine meaning with respect to us hated God. Might not be broken the elder shall serue the yonger be referred applies. Based on physical ties or what you have but one mercy ; but he instantly crushes thought! Relate to the governing authorities: the ground of free grace is very much made up “... God ascribes to himself hatred them not to fear or worship him so much for enemies... This grace also vouchsafed to Esau must be real literal hatred the administration of God in chapter. If God had no claim to be asserted, yet hatred is not so of! Been working well with his marriage scripturarum est, huius est commentarius of. A natural man he was to save any of the New Testament,.. Be asserted, yet hatred is not disposed to save all strangest part of God as persistently godless and... Bundle of myrrh, a middle-aged salesman, was foreseen as persistently godless, and hardening a proof hatred. Character clearly proves it Esau was a sincere penitent ; but he instantly crushes the thought ( Romans 9:14.. Before, that utterance agrees with this down on a low level of Christian,... The interest of a cause than discretion in its support been raised here most degrading to --! And, by the term slighted not this grace also vouchsafed to Esau, though of.

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