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june 2011 christchurch earthquake 

[256][258][259][260] Increases in trauma exposure are related to increased dependence on alcohol and nicotine, as well as prescribed psychiatric medication. [30], The earthquake was a "strike-slip event with oblique motion" which caused mostly horizontal movement with some vertical movement,[16] with reverse thrust causing upwards vertical movement. While the initial quake only lasted for approximately 10 seconds, the damage was severe because of the location and shallowness of the earthquake's focus in relation to Christchurch as well as previous quake damage. [156], Australia's foreign minister Kevin Rudd told Sky News that New Zealand's Foreign Affairs Minister Murray McCully had asked for further help from Australia. [20], GNS Science stated that the earthquake arose from the rupture of an 8 km x 8 km fault running east-northeast at a depth of 1–2 km beneath the southern edge of the Avon-Heathcote Estuary and dipping southwards at an angle of about 65 degrees from the horizontal beneath the Port Hills. It has treated over 220 serious injuries so far, even though sometimes they were working by torchlight. The reaction to the statement sent the New Zealand dollar down. The Port Hills of Bank Peninsula are obscured by the cloud of aftershocks w [201], On 29 March 2011, Prime Minister John Key and Christchurch Mayor Bob Parker announced the creation of the Canterbury Earthquake Recovery Authority (CERA) to manage the earthquake recovery, co-operating with the government, local councils and residents, under chief executive John Ombler. Prime Minister John Key confirmed that, "All Civil Defence procedures have now been activated; the Civil Defence bunker at parliament is in operation here in Wellington. They took into account a technical investigation undertaken by the Department of Building and Housing. [197] Australia's official delegation included Governor-General Quentin Bryce, Prime Minister Julia Gillard, and Opposition Leader Tony Abbott.[198]. The International Rugby Board and the New Zealand Rugby World Cup organisers announced in March 2011 that the city would be unable to host the World Cup matches. This included Shirley Boys' High School sharing with Papanui High School,[213] Linwood College sharing with Cashmere High School[214] and Avonside Girls High School sharing with Burnside High School[215] and Marian College sharing with St Bedes College and Unlimited Paenga Tawhiti sharing with Halswell Residential College. [228] In the ANZ Netball Championship, the earthquake caused significant damage to the Canterbury Tactix's main home venue, CBS Canterbury Arena, and the franchise's head office at Queen Elizabeth II Park. [223] Some matches needed to be rescheduled. [47] The TranzAlpine was cancelled until 4 March, to allow for personnel resources to be transferred to repairing track and related infrastructure, and moving essential freight into Christchurch, while the TranzCoastal has been cancelled until mid-August. NSW Task Force 1, a team of 72 urban search and rescue specialists from New South Wales, Australia was sent to Christchurch on two RAAF C-130J Hercules, arriving 12 hours after the quake. [7], Immediately following the earthquake, 80% of Christchurch was without power. [7] In each of these cases the buildings that collapsed were known to have been appreciably damaged in the September 2010 earthquake but the local authority had permitted the building to be re-occupied (CTV and PGC buildings) or protective barriers adjacent to them moved closer to areas at risk of falling debris (Colombo Street). Holden et al. [45], Road and bridge damage occurred and hampered rescue efforts. Smoking prevalence increases following Canterbury earthquakes. [199], The inquiry began in April 2011 and was completed in November 2012. [90], Buildings in Lyttelton sustained widespread damage, with a fire officer reporting that 60% of the buildings in the main street had been severely damaged. Royal Society of New Zealand. Definitions of June 2011 Christchurch earthquake, synonyms, antonyms, derivatives of June 2011 Christchurch earthquake, analogical dictionary of June 2011 Christchurch earthquake (English) 2011年基督城地震... News Limited . [178], Sixty-six Japanese USAR members and three specialist search and rescue dogs arrived in Christchurch within two days of the February earthquake. INTRODUCTION 2. [141] The United Kingdom sent a 53 strong search and rescue team including nine Welsh firefighters who had assisted the rescue effort during the 2010 Haiti earthquake. In March 2011 the government established The Canterbury Earthquakes Royal Commission to report on the causes of building failure as a result of the earthquakes as well as the adequacy of building codes and other standards for buildings in New Zealand Central Business Districts. [257][260] For example, after the Christchurch earthquakes, studies reported that older educated females of European New Zealand descent were over represented in their sample population,[257][260] which isn't accurate of the Christchurch population as a whole. A second team of 70 from Queensland, Queensland Task Force 1, (including three sniffer dogs),was sent the following day on board a RAAF C-17 . The 21-storey PricewaterhouseCoopers building, the city's tallest office tower, was among the office buildings to be later demolished. The EQC pays out the first NZ$1.5 billion in claims, and the reinsurance companies are liable for all amounts between NZ$1.5 billion and NZ$4 billion. [138][139] It also covers land damage within 8 metres of a home; this coverage is uncapped. [176], The UN and the European Union offered assistance. [229] The team's round three match against the Northern Mystics in Auckland was postponed,[229] while their round four home match against the Waikato Bay of Plenty Magic was moved to the Energy Events Centre in Rotorua. [78] St Elmo Courts has been damaged in the September 2010 earthquake and the owner intended to repair the building, but further damage caused by the February 2011 event resulted in a decision to demolish, which was done the following month. Police media releases relating to the Christchurch earthquake of Tuesday February 22, 2011. [59] A government report later found that the building's construction was faulty and should not have been approved. [31][failed verification] The vertical acceleration was far greater than the horizontal acceleration. [62] The reinforced concrete building had been constructed in 1963–1964. [261][262] Retrospective self-report is affected greatly by the individual's current state of distress. New Zealand, © Copyright 2011 - 2020 Love New Zealand. June 2011 The Mw 6.2 Christchurch Earthquake of 22 February 2011 2 CONTENTS ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS 3 4 6 12 25 32 53 62 96 108 110 1. [75] Demolition was completed in May 2012. not including outlying urban areas from other districts, Christchurch continues to have a significantly larger population over Wellington.[239][240]. Within two hours of the quake national co-ordination was operating from the National Crisis Management Centre located in the basement of the Beehive in Wellington.[119]. [140] The team left New Zealand earlier than planned due to the 9.0 earthquake which struck Japan on 11 March 2011. English: June 2011 Christchurch earthquake was a 6.3 magnitude earthquake which struck the South Island of New Zealand at 02:20 13 June UTC. [256][257] This information is important to consider when reacting to future earthquakes and other natural disasters. On 13 June 2011 a second [154], The emergency department of Christchurch Hospital treated 231 patients within one hour of the earthquake. Love New Zealand is owned and managed by Kiwi Web Works Ltd, a website design company based in Christchurch City, New Zealand. It is the third time the census has been cancelled in New Zealand; the other occasions occurred in 1931, due to the Great Depression, and in 1941 due to World War II. [103], The quake was felt as far north as Tauranga[104] and as far south as Invercargill, where the 111 emergency network was rendered out of service. [235], The chief executive of Statistics New Zealand, Geoff Bascand, announced on 25 February that the national census planned for 8 March 2011 would not take place due to the disruption and displacement of people in the Canterbury region, and also the damage sustained by Statistics New Zealand's buildings in Christchurch, which was scheduled to process much of the census. He said Australia would send counsellors over and a disaster medical assistance team comprising 23 emergency and surgical personnel. Welfare Centres and support networks were established throughout the city. [236] Much of the NZ$90 million cost of the 2011 census was written off. The earthquake caused widespread damage across Christchurch, killing 185 people[6][7] in the nation's fifth-deadliest disaster. One elderly man has died as a result of this earthquake. The station collapsed on 13 June 2011 after a magnitude 6.0 aftershock. [64] Search of the building was technically difficult for USAR teams, requiring the deconstruction of 4-tonne stair sets, but the building was cleared with no victims discovered.[65]. Christchurch, the country’s second largest city, suffered widespread damage, particularly in the central city and eastern suburbs. [136] It was equipped to provide triage, emergency care, maternity, dental care, isolation tents for gastroenteritis, and to provide primary care since most general practices in the area were unable to open. [99], In contrast to the September 2010 earthquake, Redcliffs and the surrounding hills suffered severe damage. For personal effects, EQC pays out the first NZ$20,000 plus tax. [127][128][129][130][131] Many of them received standing ovations from appreciative locals as they walked through Christchurch Airport upon arrival. [22] The PGA is also one of the greatest-ever ground accelerations recorded in the world,[24] and was unusually high for a 6.2 quake,[25] and the highest in a vertical direction. [28] The acceleration experienced in February 2011 would "totally flatten" most world cities, causing massive loss of life; in Christchurch, New Zealand's stringent building codes limited the disaster. The last survivor was pulled from the rubble the day after the quake. [172], Australian Prime Minister Julia Gillard on the earthquake. The army provided desalination plants, and bottled supplies were sent in by volunteers and companies. New Zealand's GNS Science has stated that the earthquake was part of the aftershock sequence that has been occurring since the September magnitude-7.1 quake, however a seismologist from Geoscience Australia considers it a separate event given its location on a separate fault system. With limited water supplies for firefighting, a total fire ban was introduced, and the fire service brought in water tankers from other centres. [14][15] The peak ground acceleration (PGA) was extremely high, and simultaneous vertical and horizontal ground movement was "almost impossible" for buildings to survive intact. [136] On 1 March, it was announced that the New South Wales Government would be donating A$1 million (NZ$1.3 million[175]) to the victims of the Christchurch earthquake. "Christchurch earthquake" redirects here. [79], The historic Canterbury Provincial Council Buildings were severely damaged, with the Stone Chamber completely collapsing.[14][80]. (This is 23:51 21 February UTC). [152] The Royal Australian Air Force also assisted with air lifts. Due to the extensive damage of a number of secondary schools, many were forced to share with others, allowing one school to use the ground in the morning and the other in the afternoon. Different demographics may benefit from different types of mental counseling to help them recover from trauma. This is a difficult topic to research because fixing the physical damage from a disaster is usually the first step a city takes towards recovery. With extra passenger and freight movements over Cook Strait following the earthquake, the company would have been unable to cope with just two ships operating on a reduced schedule so soon after the earthquake, so pushed back the departure to the end of April. They started work immediately in a multi-agency response to the collapse of the CTV Building on Madras Street. [194] Prince William, made a two-day trip to the country to tour the areas affected by the earthquake,[195] attended on the Queen's behalf and made an address during the service. [72][73] The building was eventually stabilised and, on 4 March it was decided the building would be demolished over the following six months,[74] so that further work could be done with the buildings nearby. [184], The Queen said she was "utterly shocked" and her "thoughts were with all those affected". The epicentre was closer to Christchurch, and shallower at 5 kilometres (3 mi) underground, whereas the September quake was measured at 10 kilometres (6 mi) deep. Evidence from research on the Christchurch earthquakes reveals that increased trauma exposure is not exclusively correlated with negative outcomes. Studying earthquakes has shown to be a difficult task when considering all the limitations created by natural disasters. [170] Portable shower units were also established in the eastern suburbs. In April 2013 the Government estimated the total cost of the rebuild would be as much as $40 billion, up from an earlier estimate of $30 billion. [29] Land movement was varied around the area horizontally—in both east and west directions—and vertically; the Port Hills were raised by 40 cm. The department responded to the situation by activating their crisis plan, forming 20 trauma teams. [11][12] According to GNS Science seismologists, the energy released in Christchurch was equivalent to a magnitude 6.7 earthquake. These insurers underwrite their commercial losses to reinsurers, who will again bear the brunt of these claims. Impact of average household income and damage exposure on post-earthquake distress and functioning, A community study following the February 2011 Christchurch earthquake. 2011 Christchurch earthquake is similar to these topics: June 2011 Christchurch earthquake, 2016 Christchurch earthquake, 1991 Limon earthquake and more. Positive effects, such as a greater sense of community connection, can aide in helping the community heal as a whole. The Governor-General also had to revoke his previous proclamation of the date of the census. [100] Large boulders were found on the lawns of damaged houses. The spire of ChristChurch Cathedral has completely collapsed. Measuring 6.3 on the Richter Scale and, at 4.99 km deep, the earthquake was very shallow. [177] Kamalesh Sharma, Commonwealth Secretary-General, sent a message of support to the Prime Minister and stated "our heart and condolences go immediately to the bereaved." The earthquake was followed by several smaller shocks, and then at 2:20pm a huge 6.3 earthquake rocked Christchurch City. [160] Power had been restored to 82% of households within five days,[161] and to 95% within two weeks. [173], Australian Prime Minister Julia Gillard offered Australia's assistance. An additional 28 people were killed in various places across the city centre, and twelve were killed in suburban Christchurch. Predictors of poor mental health after a trauma, such as mental health status prior to a trauma and individual characteristics, can help determine those who will be more vulnerable to developing mental health problems. On Wednesday morning, 22 hours after the quake, a survivor was pulled from the rubble. [13], Although smaller in magnitude than the 2010 earthquake, the February earthquake was more damaging and deadly for a number of reasons. Prospective predictors of short-term adjustment after the Canterbury earthquakes: Personality and depression. On one of their journeys, an RAAF Hercules sustained minor damage in an aftershock. [124] Meanwhile, the Canterbury CDEM Group ECC had relocated to the fully operational University of Canterbury Innovation (UCi3) building to the West of the city, when the Copthorne Hotel adjacent to the Regional Council offices threatened to fall onto the offices and ECC. The New Zealand Fire Service coordinated search and rescue, with support from the Urban Search and Rescue (USAR) teams from New Zealand, Australia, United Kingdom, United States, Japan, Taiwan, China and Singapore, totalling 150 personnel from New Zealand and 429 from overseas. [196] New Zealand's governor-general, Sir Anand Satyanand, attended, along with John Key, Bob Parker, and a number of local and international dignitaries. Though the government supplied money for those who were fired, businesses that needed re … Rescue efforts continued for over a week, then shifted into recovery mode. [206], Canterbury University partially reopened on 14 March 2011, with many lectures held in tents and marquees while work was carried out on university buildings. On 6 June, a large aftershock measuring 5.5 on the Richter scale occurred and was felt as far away as, A series of aftershocks occurred on 13 June. [169] Community laundries were set up in affected suburbs. An a… Many of the people trapped in that building were Japanese and other foreign English language students. Christchurch Earthquake 13 June 2011 Liquefaction RAW footage 4 - Duration: 0:42. nzchris7 33,665 views 0:42 Japan Earthquake 2011 Liquefaction Damage - … At 12.51 p.m. on Tuesday 22 February 2011, a magnitude 6.3 earthquake caused severe damage in Christchurch and Lyttelton, killing 185 people and injuring several thousand. Posttraumatic stress symptoms in Police Staff 12–18 months after the Canterbury earthquakes. After a downturn in demand, a second wave of patients started arriving, many with much more severe injuries. 185 people from more than 20 countries died in the earthquake. Large rocks crumbled from the Sumner/Port Hills and another 70+ buildings were damaged in the Christchurch CBD. Christchurch earthquake may refer to a number of earthquakes that affected Christchurch, New Zealand. [178], Various sporting events were set up to raise money, such as the "Fill the Basin" cricket match at the Basin Reserve, featuring ex-New Zealand internationals, All Blacks and actors from The Hobbit, which raised more than $500,000. The west wall suffered collapses in the June 2011 earthquake and the December 2011 quake[66] due to a steel structure – intended to stabilise the rose window – pushing it in. [7] Due to the injuries sustained some bodies remained unidentified. ", "Help for Christchurch businesses and workers after earthquake", "Painstaking work continues at devastated buildings", "1240 central Christchurch buildings demolished video", "Christchurch earthquake: Heartbreaking messages from buried daughter", "Christchurch quake toll 75, dozens missing", "Christchurch Earthquake: Workers trapped in crushed buildings", "Day 03 field report from the Christchurch 22 Feb 2011 6.3M, "Christchurch earthquake: Collapse of stairwells concerns professor", "Forsyth Barr search ends with no bodies found", "SYNOD VOTES TO RESTORE CHRISTCHURCH CATHEDRAL", "Christ Church Cathedral: Cost to ratepayers revealed", "Milestone reached in Christ Church Cathedral rebuild as design advisers appointed", "Christchurch's tallest hotel 'on brink of collapse, "Little hope of finding survivors at CTV building", "Christchurch earthquake: Demolitions key to CBD access", "Kiwi in line for big payout on quake-damaged office tower", "Demolition of quake-hit PWC building starts", "Dozens killed in New Zealand's 'darkest day, "NZ Christchurch earthquake timeline from NZCity", "Dome of Catholic Cathedral to be removed", "Fate of Catholic Cathedral Still Unknown", "Thousands of Christchurch homes face demolition", Land Zoning Policy and the Residential Red Zone: Responding to land damage and risk to life, "Scores of people killed in Christchurch quake", "Million dollar donation to rebuild Lyttelton Timeball", "Christchurch earthquake: Scenic suburbs 'no place to buy now, "Christchurch quake: Homeowner resigned to devastation", "Cost of Redcliffs School rebuild on Redcliffs Park site grows to $16 million", "Seismologist had hoped time for large shock had passed", "Emergency 111 system knocked out in Southland", "Quake shakes 30m tonnes of ice off glacier", "State of emergency lifted in Christchurch", "Work to identify earthquake victims completed", "Machines signal end of Christchurch earthquake rescue", http://www.police.govt.nz/sites/default/files/publications/christchurch-earthquake-fatalities-locations-map.pdf, "Origins clarified by various NZ Herald victim reports", "Christchurch quake: Emergency Cabinet meeting", "New Zealand Red Cross 2011 Earthquake Appeal", "Christchurch Art Gallery built to highest standard", "Death toll at 75, national emergency declared", "Brownlee to focus solely on quake recovery", "Names of two further victims released in Christchurch Earthquake", "Australian Police contingent to assist local police", "Aussies become NZ cops in quake-hit city", "Police pay tribute to Australian contingent leaving Christchurch", "Aussie police to help stop looting in Christchurch", "Thai DVI team arrives to assist in identifying Christchurch quake victims", "Christchurch earthquake: Search teams leaving no stone unturned", "DPM Teo Offers Assistance in Response to the Earthquake in Christchurch, New Zealand", "LA search-rescue heads to site of NZ quake", "LA County Team Preps for Deployment to New Zealand", "World races to aid New Zealand quake rescue", "Japanese search and rescue team races home", "Welsh firefighters join New Zealand earthquake rescue", "Taiwanese rescue team on way to New Zealand", "Christchurch Earthquake: Extra Chinese workers boost foreign aid numbers", "Humanity Greater Than Any Act of Nature", "Christchurch Earthquake – NZ Defence Force – Update 6", "Christchurch Earthquake – NZ Defence Force – Update 8", "Territorial Force swaps trenching tools for shovels", "Christchurch Earthquake – NZ Defence Force – Update 5", "ED staff donated their blood to quake patients", "Patients flock to Australian temporary hospital", "Christchurch earthquake: Latest updates", "LandSAR volunteers join Christchurch relief operation", "Power transformer to be installed in eastern Chch suburbs", "Christchurch earthquake: Power restored to 82 percent of customers", "Default price-quality path annual compliance statement for the year ending 31 March 2012", "65 dead in devastating Christchurch quake", "Christchurch Earthquake: Fire ban in place for Canterbury", "Long wait for some without power, water", "Community Laundry Facilities Set Up Again for Christchurch", "Farmy Army puts away the shovels – for now", "A Job Well Done for Rangiora Earthquake Express", "Prime Minister of Australia – official website", "Strong earthquake strikes Christchurch, New Zealand, killing at least 65", "Pope joins international sympathy for NZ", "Media Advisory: Christchurch thanks Japanese search and rescue", "Statement by the Prime Minister of Canada on the recent earthquake in New Zealand", "N.Z. [155], A field hospital providing 75 beds was set up in the badly affected eastern suburbs on 24 February. [227] The Crusaders played their entire home schedule away from Christchurch,. Kuijer, R.G., Marshall, E.M., & Bishop, A.N. The eastern [60], The four-storey Pyne Gould Guinness (PGC) House[61] on Cambridge Terrace, headquarters of Pyne Gould Corporation, collapsed, with 18 casualties. (2014). (2015). CDEM were supported by local authorities, New Zealand Police, Fire Service, Defence Force and many other agencies and organisations. [190][191][192], Several charity concerts were held both in New Zealand and overseas including a previously unscheduled visit to New Zealand by American rock group Foo Fighters, who performed a Christchurch benefit concert in Auckland on 22 March 2011. [208], The UC CEISMIC Canterbury Earthquakes Digital Archive programme was established in 2011 by University of Canterbury Professor Paul Millar. On 22 February 2011, a 6.3 magnitude earthquake struck Christchurch shortly before 12:50pm at a shallow depth of four kilometres. [24] The acceleration occurred mainly in a vertical direction,[16] with eyewitness accounts of people being tossed into the air. Porirua, Upper Hutt, and Lower Hutt, all outside of the Wellington City Council area, are included in the Wellington main urban area definition. [2] The earthquake struck the Canterbury region in New Zealand's South Island and was centred 6.7 kilometres (4.2 mi) south-east of the centre of Christchurch,[10] New Zealand's second-most populous city. [262] The displacement of large numbers of citizens following a trauma poses as a problem for researchers of natural disasters. [168] Waste water and sewerage systems were severely damaged. Linwood College and Shirley Boys' High School moved back to their original sites on 1 August (the first day of Term 3), and 13 September 2011 respectively. The earthquake occurred on New Zealand’s South Island, 10km west of Christchurch, at 12.51pm on 22nd February 2011 and lasted just 10 seconds. Because it has been found that different demographics are affected differently,[256] this also needs to be taken into account when finding solutions to aid recovery. Three RNZAF Beechcraft Super King Air aircraft were also used to evacuate people from Christchurch. Implemented programs can use this knowledge to help survivors focus on the positive effects, possibly working with families to help them get through the disaster with the people they feel closest with. Not survivable, and telephone companies established emergency communications and free calls for example Munich Re to critical ''. Eastern the June 13 aftershocks 7 ] due to the eastern suburbs on 24.! 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