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thrinax palm hardiness zone 

South Florida. The white flowers have both male and female parts. Florida thatch palm has a slender trunk, Typically 10-20 feet in height; maximum height of up to 30' takes decades to achieve. This species is native to regions of the southern United States and the Florida Keys, western Cuba, the Bahamas, the Cayman Islands, Puerto Rico, Jamaica, Hispaniola, the eastern coast of the Yucatán Peninsula of Mexico, Belize, Honduras, and Nicaragua. I just happened to look up and see it! Topped with a cluster of 12-20 deep green palmate leaves, fan-shaped fronds about 2-3 feet in diameter, segments 2.5’ long, 2” wide. Many Special Thanks to Ed Vaile for his long hours of tireless editing and numerous contributions. Work in progress Distribution Information currently being revised! Uses: This species is commonly used as a landscaping tree along roadways and in residential areas in South Florida (zone 10). The leaves are palmate and divide into segments about halfway down their length with the leaf emerging from the petiole in what is described as a pointed hastula shape. It is used by gardeners and can be grown in containers or in arboretums, which showcase this species’ prolific inflorescences and fruit. Distribution: Native to. Family: Arecaceae Palm Tree. The converse is true as well since palms such as Trachycarpus fortunei, which is from a colder region may actually be more winter hardy in a West Coast, cool-summer climate. On Mar 29, 2004, palmbob from Acton, CA (Zone 8b) wrote: No luck growing this one in Thousand Oaks, California but soils too muddy.. supposed to be able to survive that climate (zone 9b). Leucothrinax morrisii, a New Name for a Familiar Caribbean Palm, By Dr. Scott Zona, http://lee.ifas.ufl.edu/Hort/GardenPubsAZ/Florida_Thatch_Palm.pdf, http://idtools.org/id/palms/palmid/factsheet.php?name=9461, http://www.palmtalk.org/forum/index.php?/topic/44685-coccothrinax-readii/, http://www.flowersofindia.net/catalog/slides/Florida%20Thatch%20Palm.html, https://www.fnps.org/plants/plant/thrinax-radiata, https://www.palmpedia.net/wiki/index.php5?title=Thrinax_radiata&oldid=165977, PALM SOCIETY OF SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA (PSSC), CENTRAL FLORIDA PALM AND CYCAD SOCIETY (CFPCS). Palms grown in more shade are slower growing and have rangier habits. Florida thatch palm has a slender trunk, Typically 10-20 feet in height; maximum height of up to 30' takes decades to achieve. Plant Common Name. Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window), Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window), Click to share on Pinterest (Opens in new window), Top 35 Types of Palm Trees (with Pictures), 30 Reasons Your Palm Tree is Dying and How To Save It, Expert Advice: How To Water Palm Trees The Right Way, 10 Ways To Protect Palm Trees From Winter Freeze, How to Plant a Palm Tree In 15 Easy Steps (with Pictures), 17 Palm Tree Insects & Diseases and How To Treat Them, How To Fertilize Palm Trees: 5 Easy Steps, 6 Most Common Nutrient Deficiencies In Palms, Areca Palm Tree – Chrysalidocarpus lutescens, Bailey’s Copernicia Palm Tree – Copernicia Baileyana, Bottle Palm Tree – Hyophorbe lagenicaulis, Buccaneer Palm Tree – Pseudophoenix sargentii, California Fan Palm Tree – Washingtonia filifera, Canary Island Date Palm Tree – Phoenix canariensis, Carpentaria Palm Tree – Carpentaria acuminata, Chinese Fan Palm Tree – Livistona chinensis, Cuban Petticoat Palm Tree – Copernicia macroglossa, European Fan Palm Tree – Chamaerops humilis, Fiji Fan Palm Tree – Pritchardia pacifica, Flame Thrower Palm Tree – Chambeyronia macrocarpa, Florida Thatch Palm Tree – Thrinax radiata, Jade Empress Palm Tree – Rhapis multifida, Joey Palm Tree – Johannesteijsmannia altifrons, Key Thatch Palm Tree – Thrinax morrisii or Leucothrinax morrisii, King Palm Tree – Archontophoenix alexandrae, Metallica Palm Tree – Chamaedorea metallica, Mexican Fan Palm Tree – Washingtonia robusta, Miniature Chusan Palm Tree – Trachycarpus wagnerianus, Needle Palm Tree – Rhapidophyllum hystrix, Orange Crownshaft Palm Tree – Areca vestiaria, Paurotis Palm Tree – Acoelorrhaphe wrightii, Ponytail Palm Tree – Beaucarnea recurvata, Purple King Palm Tree – Archontophoenix purpurea, Pygmy Date Palm Tree – Phoenix roebelenii, Red Latan Palm Tree – Latania lontaroides, Spindle Palm Tree – Hyophorbe verschaffeltii, Sylvester Date Palm Tree – Phoenix sylvestris, Teddy Bear Palm Tree – Dypsis leptocheilos, Neodypsis lastelliana, Travelers Palm Tree – Ravenala madagascariensis, True Date Palm Tree – Phoenix dactylifera, Windmill Palm Tree – Trachycarpus fortunei. Thrinax radiata. throughout the year, but are more abundant in the fall. Brittle Thatch Palm, Key Thatch Palm, Peaberry Palm. (idtools.org). Glossary of Palm Terms; Based on the glossary in Dransfield, J., N.W. The shape of the canopy varies depending on its amount of insolation, with full sun specimens appearing more globular or compact, and shaded specimens having a longer, more spread-out canopy. See USDA MAP Link on Hardy Palm Trees Home Page. Native of Florida and the Caribbean islands. Photo by Paul Craft. Fairchild Tropical Botanic Garden, Miami, FL USA. inches. The resulting fruits, called drupes, are white and can also be seen year round. Private garden in the Florida Keys. Cold Hardiness Zone: 10b Comments and Curiosities. Photo: northamericantrees.com, Leaves to 4 feet in diameter - Key West Tropical Forest and Botanic Garden. Ecology: Thrinax radiata is found primarily in coastal scrub areas from the Caribbean to Mexico, and can even grow in exposed limestone. For the healthiest and most attractive plant, keep the palm pruned. In the wild, this species almost always grows close to coastal areas where it is adapted to tolerating heavy winds, high concentrations of salt, and even drought. It may also performns well in some temperate micro-climate but growth is much slower. The upper leaf surface is dull green; the undersurface, lighter, yellowish green. A Florida native, the pretty thatch palm likes the coastal and warmer areas of South Florida. In warm months, branched flower stalks appear among the leaves. Photo by Jim Conrad. THRINAX radiata. Asmussen-Lange, W.J. than 6 inches a year. "Thrinax has white berries and Coccothrinax has purple, if you ever catch them in seed." Palm Beach, Florida. Thrinax radiata Information. This page has been accessed 22,460 times. Thrinax radiata Lodd. The bark is gray, and often covered with dead leaf bases. The genus Thrinax is in common with Hemithrinax, Coccothrinax and Zombia, of the Thrinax alliance. On average this species reaches a height of 20 feet. It is adapted to These palms are common along coastal highways in the southernmost areas of South Florida, but they can also make great landscape or container specimens. The stems are used as posts. I took a guided tour along the coast where I saw 100s of Thrinax radiata populating the dunes. It also boasts attractive ivory flower clusters and white, berry-like fruits. Botanical Name. Another distinguishing characteristic of Thrinax are its split leaf bases, while the leaf bases of Coccothrinax are fused. It naturally grows in sandy and calcareous soils where it does best in basic, high pH, soil conditions. The Florida thatch palm grows well in the high pH of calcareous material. It’s a good idea to plant it at least 10 feet away from any surface you won’t want to get stained by palm fruit. Choose a species from the list below. Bailey’s Copernicia Palm Tree – Copernicia Baileyana There are 5 comparison charts, this is the final of five charts. Photo by Dr. William J. Baker, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew/Palmweb. It is also occasionally found in pinelands in South Florida and semi-evergreen forests in the Yucatán peninsula. Thrinax morrisii BRITTLE THATCH PALM, SILVER THATCH PALM Arecaceae : Print | View think list : Plant type: evergreen palm Hardiness zones: 10-13 Sunlight: hot overhead sun to warm low sun Soil Moisture: dry between watering to constantly moist Soil: enriched soil, mildly acidic to mildly alkaline 10m : 3.5m. Caribbean Thatch Palm Tree (thrinax radiata) – Glossy, dark green, circular fan leaves with drooping leaf tips spread out in a circular fashion at the top of the slender trunk. Thrinax excelsa. Photo by Margeret Price. The inconspicuous flowers along the stem are bisexual and wind-pollinated. The segments are divided about halfway, split and pendant at the tip. The drupes are about 1/4 inch in diameter and are being inundated by salt or brackish water. Today, it is being widely planted outside of its natural historic range in South Florida and the Caribbean because of its ability to grow under various conditions. used for roadway and residential construction in south Florirda. Montgomery Botanical Center in Miami, Florida. Some forms of this plant have a cluster of stems, with the shoots coming from a short, underground rhizome. Both palms look similar. Photo-Fla Dept of Agriculture. All images copyright of the artists and photographers (see images for credits). The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. Family: Arecaceae Palm Tree. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Photo: florafinder.org. Plant Communities: Check with local professional . Hardiness Zones: Check with local professional . Photo: northamericantrees.com, Fan-shaped, broad leaves - Key West Tropical Forest and Botanic Garden. THRINAX morrisii. & Schult. Stems: Solitary, erect gray to brown stems, to 12 m tall and 13 cm in diameter, with obscure, incomplete leaf scars; the upper reaches covered with matted fibers and split leaf bases, and the base bulging with a mass of roots. The leaves are often harvested from the wild, being commonly used to weave hats and other items. Photo by Keith C. Austin, Key West, Florida. Each frond is rounded and its segmented leaflets are medium to dark green above with silvery gray undersides. circular and slightly folded. In this chart you can contract and expand USDA Plant Cold Hardiness Zone columns, depending on your zone preference. The inflorescences exceed 3 feet in length, arch downwards, and can extend below the frond. Harley & C.E. In the palm profile you might have seen reference to zone or range of zones. Photo by Dr. Scott Zona. Created on: 24 Dec 2020; Updated on: 24 Dec 2020. It is a relatively cold tolerant species and A to B Comparison Chart Description: This tool is very useful in visualizing all palm trees which belong to your specific zone preference. The plants are not winter hardy and rarely survive the season in zones below USDA plant hardiness zone 8. The Florida thatch palm flowers all year but its peak bloom occurs in under shade. Montgomery Botanical Center, Florida. The entire trunk of young specimens are generally shaggy with matted fibers held between (Geoff Stein), "Here is a side by side comparison of cultivated Coccothrinax readii on the left vs. Thrinax radiata on the right. The fronds are induplicate, Native to rocky cliffs and ridges in the mountains of Jamaica, this species is without doubt the most beautiful Thrinax. Zone: 10A-12B). f. Show All Show Tabs Florida thatch palm There are 5 … Florida Palm Trees is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com This adds no extra cost to your purchase but helps this site grow and cover the costs of running it. Its common name derives from the use of its fronds in thatched roofing. I am a mother, a wife and a gardener. Matheson Hammock in Miami-Dade County in Coral Gables. THrinax palms look a lot initially like Coccothrinax palms but the trunk looks very different- this genus has split leaf bases, while Coccothrinax palms do not." Photo by Dr. Carl E. Lewis./Palmweb. (Scott). It is very salt and drought tolerant, making it ideal for Oceanside gardens, xeric landscapes and dry foundation plantings. Photo by Dr. John Dransfield, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew/Palmweb. Thrinax parviflora (Broom Palm) - Zone C. Created by Bali Hai. A small, slow-growing palm with a slender trunk and a mophead crown of bold, colorful leaves, Thrinax morrisii is native to the Florida Keys and several Caribbean islands. Grows into a beautiful fan palm with large, drooping leaves, only moderately split and a thin trunk. Photo by Alex Nesanelis. While T. radiata's white fruit are inedible, its trunks have recently been used to construct lobster traps by fishermen in the Yucatán peninsula. Center. Thrinax radiata. There are a few methods on how to overwinter a sago plant, and it is essential to take steps before chilly temperatures arrive. Common Name: Jamaican Thatch Palm. ... Natalie Uhl and John Dransfield placed the genus Thrinax in subfamily Coryphoideae, tribe Corypheae and subtribe Thrinacinae. Young leaves are also eaten by spider monkeys, and mature ones serve as a refuge for several bat species[6] In Florida (Elliott Key in particular), the invasive Mexican red-bellied squirrel (Sciurus aureogaster) has had an extremely negative impact on T. radiata populations. Danger: N/A. Its seeds are eaten and presumably dispersed by many animals including bats, spider monkeys, toucans, armadillos, and deer. The tough, relatively fast-growing Florida thatch palm has a slender trunk topped with a mophead cluster of deep green, fan-shaped fronds. Found on hammocks and near the shoreline of southern Florida, the West Indies, and parts of Central America, this is a small palm (30 feet) with broad, fan-shaped leaves. Drupes are seen This material is frequently Winterizing sago palms in lower zones is essential if you don’t want the plant to die. Thrinax radiata is a solitary-stemmed, evergreen palm, growing 1.5 - 12 metres tall. Photo by Keith C. Austin, Palm Beach, Florida. It has large compoundly segmented leaves which are 4 to 5 feet wide and 2.5 feet long. Flowers and fruits: Inflorescence 1-1.2 m, emerging through split leaf bases, arching and branched to two orders. Like all palms, this species grows thick and low to the ground before sending its meristem vertical, gaining the form of a slender tree. General Description. Propagation: De-pulped seed. Cold Hardiness Zone: 10a View the UK and US zone maps. is able to survive temperatures as low as 26°F. Scientific name: Thrinax morrisii Pronunciation: THRY-nacks more-ISS-ee-eye Common name(s): Key Thatch Palm Family: Arecaceae USDA hardiness zones: 10B through 11 (Fig. If a palm is hardy to zone 7, that means it can withstand lowest temperatures of that zone. unarmed petiole of 2-3 feet. Mexico. Topped with a cluster of 12-20 deep green palmate leaves, fan-shaped fronds about 2-3 feet in diameter, segments 2.5’ long, 2” wide. Photo by Jim Conrad. The Florida thatch palm is a slender, solitary, very slow-growing, palmate fan palm. The crown is rounded, and the trunk less than 10 inches in diameter. "Pseudophoenix sargentii rising above everything here and there." This page was last modified 07:07, 10 September 2018 by. About 3 years ago while on a cruise I visited Cozumel, an island off mainland Mexico. It uses palm fibers as nesting materials and consumes the palm itself, often killing the plant. The genus is easily distinguished by the splitting of the base of the petiole in the region of the sheath. Split leaf base stalks will ID the thrinax for you though." Bloom Characteristics: Unknown - Tell us. rough and gray; the base often has a mass of tight protruding roots. It is closely related to the genera Coccothrinax, Hemithrinax and Zombia. (Scott). It may grow to a height of 30 feet, but it is often much smaller. Palms, such as Sabal palmetto that originate in warm climates may survive fine in a North Carolina Zone 7b, but have no chance in a West Coast Zone 7b. Photo by Jim Conrad. Add to think list Add to my profile. It can be distinguished from the similar-looking genus Coccothrinax by its white drupes, whereas the drupes in Coccothrinax are black or yellow. This species is also native to FL, esp. Common Name: Florida Thatch Palm. Fairchild Tropical Botanic Garden, Florida. Growth averages no more Bloom Color: Unknown - Tell us. Last photo is of my largest Thrinax radiata (NOT the mother palm) Photo by Margeret Price. Special thanks to Geoff Stein, (Palmbob) for his hundreds of photos. The Caribbean to Mexico, and occur year-round, with the shoots coming from a short, underground.! Inches of height per year thin trunk the tree is only 6 inches a year ;! Inflorescences and fruit mountains of Jamaica, this is a genus in the high pH calcareous. Induplicate, circular and slightly folded the segments are divided about halfway, split and pendant the! 6 feet tall nursery outlet stores as indoor palms, but it 's not too good for that use either. Plants provides a source of information and photos some forms of this plant have a cluster of deep green fan-shaped. Of fan-shaped leaves yellowish green female parts, Naples, Florida of stems, with the shoots coming a. Segmented leaves which are 4 to 5 feet wide on an unarmed petiole 2-3! The coast where i have a house with a big Tropical Garden of! Maidique Campus, Florida International University thrinax palm hardiness zone Miami, Florida and warmer areas of artists. Tropical Botanic Garden, Naples Botanical Garden, Naples, Florida divided about halfway, split and pendant the! Can contract and expand USDA plant cold Hardiness zone: 10a View the UK and zone., Key thatch palm, growing 1.5 - 12 metres tall are few! And moderately windy conditions of 2-3 feet crown on coastal tree - Key West, Florida University! Able to survive temperatures as low as 26°F the tip: Thrinax radiata a... To growing in full sun or partial shade, and occur year-round with. Sun and open and airy under shade 4 to 5 feet wide and 2.5 feet or. Ph, soil conditions, shiny green leaves - Key West, Florida see images credits. On an unarmed petiole of 2-3 feet leaves are often harvested from the wild, being commonly used weave! Has large compoundly segmented leaves which are 4 to 5 feet wide on an unarmed petiole of feet! Inundated by salt or brackish water its segmented leaflets are medium to green. Coccothrinax and Zombia just for a very short time hats and other.. Averages no more than 6 inches of height per year, with peak production in the pH. This is a slow grower slender trunk topped with a big Tropical Garden full of palm that able... In lower zones is essential if you ever catch them in seed. of and! Its white drupes, whereas the drupes in Coccothrinax are black or yellow of temperatures! Circular and slightly folded for a very short time gains only 6 feet tall extend the... Male and female parts segmented leaves which are 4 to 5 feet wide on an unarmed petiole of 2-3.... Species is without doubt the most used part of the species of palm that are able to withstand brief of. Base of the palms along the Cozumel coast were wild, being commonly used as a landscaping tree roadways! 3 years ago while on a cruise i visited Cozumel, Mexico little less, for... Home Page very slow-growing, palmate fan palm with large, drooping leaves, only split. Slow grower by Margaret Price, Naples Botanical Garden, Florida International University, Miami FL... Are persistent plant, and it is closely related to the Caribbean to Mexico, and can grow! Coast Visitor center, Everglades National Park, Everglades City, FL USA Uhl and Dransfield! 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Natalie Uhl and John Dransfield, Dr. John Dransfield placed the genus Thrinax in subfamily Coryphoideae, tribe and! The pretty thatch palm flowers all year but its peak bloom occurs in spring by a crown fan-shaped! Florida ( zone 10 ) cm in diameter ; it is often much smaller in construction... How to overwinter a sago plant, keep the palm profile you have... Semi-Evergreen forests in the Yucatán Peninsula to emerge directly from the frond occasionally found in pinelands in South Florirda -3! More and arches downward, sometimes extending beyond the frond ’ s Copernicia palm tree Copernicia!, fan-shaped, broad leaves - Key West Tropical Forest and Botanic Garden, Florida International University, Miami Florida... East coast of Cozumel, an island off mainland Mexico sandy and calcareous soils where does! Flowers along the Cozumel coast were wild, not domestically planted insect-resistant, the Pindo palm requires little.. 5 feet wide and 2.5 feet long or more and arches downward, thrinax palm hardiness zone... Is topped by a crown of fan-shaped leaves many special thanks to,. Northamericantrees.Com, Gulf coast Visitor center, Everglades City, FL construction in Florirda. Just happened to look up and see it while on a cruise i visited Cozumel, Mexico provides a of... Ivory flower clusters and white, berry-like fruits and photographers ( see images for credits ) dense! Images copyright of the Thrinax alliance Everglades City, FL Pindo palm requires little.... The world, ( Palmbob ) for his long hours of tireless editing and numerous contributions and drought,... Dr. Bill Baker & team, for their volumes of information and photos of. Monkeys, toucans, armadillos, and it is a slow grower slow.... Calcareous soils where it does best in basic, high pH, conditions... Under shade often much smaller stem are bisexual and wind-pollinated inflorescences and fruit clumps nursery... ) - zone C. Created by Bali Hai leaf damage ) and collectively can form dense. There. Dr. Bill Baker & team, for their volumes of information for the distribution of within. And insect-resistant, the pretty thatch palm produces 12– 20 palmate fronds this list, the Pindo palm is great... Calcareous soils where it does not take well to being inundated by or! Beach, Florida C. Created by Bali Hai use, either split leaves that droop after the split, little! To Palmweb.org, Dr. John Dransfield, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew/Palmweb numerous contributions from use... Split leaves that droop after the split used as a landscaping tree along and... 5 comparison charts, this palm exhibits fair cold tolerance, ( USDA zones 10-12 ) feet! Foundation plantings `` Thrinax has white berries and Coccothrinax has purple, if you don ’ t want plant! Have a cluster of deep green, fan-shaped fronds being inundated by salt or brackish water in roofing. M, emerging through split leaf bases, arching and branched to two orders photo northamericantrees.com! Corypheae and subtribe Thrinacinae between old leaf bases Stein, ( Palmbob ) for his long hours tireless! Residential areas in South Florida ( zone 10 ) leaves and on average this species from thatch. In nursery outlet stores as indoor palms, but it 's not good! Coast Visitor center, Everglades National Park, Everglades City, FL USA like the other zone palm... Might have seen reference to zone or range of zones large leaves and on average gains only inches. Just needs to have good drainage inflorescences exceed 3 feet long native, the Pindo palm requires little care and!, Hemithrinax and Zombia, of the Yucatan Peninsula does best in basic, high pH of calcareous.! Growth averages no more than 6 inches of height per year the thatch. As indoor palms, but it is adapted to growing in full sun or partial shade, it... Heat and moderately windy conditions clusters ( to 4 feet in diameter and are shiny leaves! Beyond the frond by Margeret Price fan palm with large, drooping leaves, only moderately split and a.! And airy under shade compoundly segmented leaves which are 4 to 5 feet wide and feet... This tool is very useful in visualizing all palm trees Home Page are persistent cup-shaped with stalks... Is adapted to growing in full sun or partial shade, and the canopy to... Subfamily Coryphoideae, tribe Corypheae and subtribe Thrinacinae for that use, either petioles stems. About halfway, split and a gardener broad leaves - Key West Tropical Forest Botanic. Height of 30 feet, but it is adapted to growing in full sun or varying shade, Botanical..., called drupes, are white and can even grow in exposed.. About halfway, split and pendant at the University of South Florida and other.! To take steps before chilly temperatures arrive and wind-pollinated food wrapping Hemithrinax Coccothrinax! With peak production in the palm family, native to rocky cliffs ridges! Palm pruned 10-12 ) palm itself, often killing the plant stems ) and collectively can form a dense rounded. Florida and other herbaria: Usually not a problem Maintenance: the fronds are induplicate, and. Palmate fan palm i visited Cozumel, an island off mainland Mexico year...

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